Project “Reliable occupational accident registration – indicator for prevention” (Realocc Accidents) aimed to provide sufficient background information on the existing situation regarding notification, reporting and registration of occupational accidents at workplaces. The project’s objective was to provide clear and homogenous picture on gaps in current systems of occupational accidents in BSR countries backed up with statistical and research data.
The Realocc Accidents Project performed several activities under these main objectives. In the Project, the “State of the “art and play” in the field of registration of occupational accidents in the Baltic Sea Region and worldwide” was prepared. It comprises extensive data on various analyses of potential amount of underreporting of occupational accidents and injuries in BSR, other EU Member States and other countries around the world. Another activity of the project is the first analysis of the possible causes for underreporting of occupational accidents based on expert opinions and answers to a special questionnaire elaborated by the project. The initial analysis shows that even though many of the causes are similar from country to country, there are also huge number of national specific causes requiring tailor made preventive actions to improve the situation. Another interesting aspect of possible causes for underreporting identified is various behavioural aspects of underreporting. These differences in causes have several aspects including the variety of historical reasons and differences in institutional systems. The third activity of the project is they survey made in Latvian hospital analysis the registration rates of persons suffering from traumatic amputations and their registration rates in various systems. In the Latvian case, it was found out that only 12.2% of these cases among the working-age population were registered in the State Labour Inspectorate indicating that there is a potentially huge underreporting also for severe occupational accidents as the literature data show that on average 40% of such trauma have an occupational origin. Last of the activities performed was a detailed analysis of the survey data “Working conditions and risks in Latvia 2012-2013” where answers from both employers and employees were analysed in more detail and provided another proof on underreporting.