Organisational structure of Lithuanian Occupational Health and Safety system
|List of main Occupational Health and Safety stakeholders in Lithuania|
|1.||Ministry of Social Security and Labour||A.Vivulskio str. 11 LT-03610, Vilnius||(+370-5) 266 42 09||www.socmin.lt|
|2.||Ministry of Health||Vilniaus str. 33LT-01506, Vilnius||(+370-5) 266 14 02||www.sam.lt|
|3.||Ministry of Economy||Gedimino str. 38 / Vasario 16-osios str. 2, LT-01104, Vilnius||(+370-5) 262 39 74||www.ukmin.lt|
|4.||Ministry of Agriculture||Gedimino 19, LT-01103, Vilnius||(+370-5) 239 12 12||www.zum.lt|
|5.||State Labour Inspectorate||Algirdo str. 19, LT-03607, Vilnius||(+370-5) 213 97 51||www.vdi.lt|
|6.||Health education and disease prevention centre||Kalvarijų str. 153, LT-08221, Vilnius||(+370-5) 273 73 97||www.smlpc.lt|
|7.||Lithuanian Confederation of Industrialists||A. Vienuolio str. 8, LT-01104, Vilnius||(+370-5) 212 52 09||www.lpk.lt|
|8.||Lithuanian Business Employers’ Confederation||Algirdo str. 31, LT-03219, Vilnius||(+370-5) 249 64 48||www.lvdk.eu|
|9.||Association of Lithuanian Chambers of Commerce, Industry and Crafts||J. Tumo-Vaižganto str. 9/1-63A, LT-01108, Vilnius||(+370-5) 261 21 12||www.chambers.lt|
|10.||Lithuanian university of health sciences||A. Mickevičiaus str. 9 LT-44307, Kaunas||(+370-37) 220 733||www.lsmuni.lt|
|11.||Vilnius Gediminas Technical University||Saulėtekio str. 11, LT-10223, Vilnius||(+370-5) 270 0112||www.vgtu.lt|
|12.||Aleksandras Stulginskis University (previuosly called Lithuanian University of Agriculture)||Studentų str. 11, LT-53361, Kauno r.||(+370-37) 397 500||www.asu.lt|
|13.||Vilnius University Faculty of Medicine||M. K. Čiurlionio str. 21, LT-03101, Vilnius||(+370-5) 239 87 05||www.mf.vu.lt|
|14.||Kaunas University of Technology||K. Donelaičio str. 73, LT-44029, Kaunas||(+370-37) 324 144||www.ktu.lt|
|15.||Institute of Labour and Social Research||Rinktinės str. 48, LT-09318, Vilnius||(+370-5) 275 21 13||www.dsti.lt|
|16.||Lithuanian Business Support Agency||Savanoriu str. 28., LT-03116, Vilnius||(+370-5) 278 42 69||www.lvpa.lt|
|17.||Chamber of Agriculture of the Republic of Lithuania||K. Donelaičio str. 2, LT-44213, Kaunas||(+370-37) 400 350||www.zur.lt|
|18.||Lithuanian Farmers Association||K. Donelaičio str. 2, LT-44213, Kaunas||(+370-37) 208 568||www.lus.lt|
|19.||Lithuanian Labour Federation of Trade||Vytauto str. 14, LT-08118, Vilnius||(+370-5) 231 20 29||www.ldf.lt|
|20.||Lithuanian Trade Union ”Solidarumas“||Kalinausko str. 2b, LT-03107, Vilnius||(+370-5) 213 32 95||www.lps.lt|
|21.||Lithuanian Trade Union Confederation||J. Jasinskio str. 9-213, LT-01111, Vilnius||(+370-5) 249 80 78||www.lpsk.lt|
The development of Lithuanian OH&S policy is based on the implementation of Strategy on Occupational Safety and Health for the year 2009-2012, adopted by the Government of Lithuania.
The leading authority for the formulation and implementation of national OH&S policy and programmes is the Ministry of Social Security and Labour. Ministry of Health is responsible for the development of occupational health services. Both Ministries are responsible for the national policy development, progressive extension and implementation of activities for the maintenance of health and safety at work.
The Lithuanian Council of Safety at Work and the tripartite Commission of Safety at Work are responsible for taking care of the coordination and social acceptability of the policy. The enforcement of the occupational health and safety laws and regulations is controlled by the State labour inspectorate under the Ministry of Social Security and Labour.
Safety and Health Commission of the Republic of Lithuania adjusts interests of state, employees and employers in the field of safety and health on the tripartite cooperation principle of social partners. Safety and Health Commission of the Republic of Lithuania (established in 1994) implements the provisions of the then-in-force Law on Safety and Health at Work. The Commission participates in the formulation and delivery of safety at work policy; analyses status of safety at work and proposes improvement measures, develops relevant recommendations and draft measures; discusses and submits proposals regarding laws and other standard acts on issues of safety at work, etc. The Commission is headed by chairman, elected from members of the Commission following the principle of rotation.
The system of tripartite institutions in Lithuania is made up of a group of tripartite structures, majority of which are specialised. Majority of these institutions function on the national level, some – in regions.
Since 1995 the Tripartite Council of the Republic of Lithuania is functioning (hereinafter – Tripartite Council), which discusses at the national level the topical labour, social and related economic issues. Four standing specialised commissions function under the Tripartite Council. Many other specialised tripartite structures are functioning in Lithuania: State Social Insurance Fund Board, Employment Council under the Ministry of Social Security and Labour, Safety at Work Commission of the Republic of Lithuania, Guarantee Fund Board, Lithuanian Vocational Training Council, Tripartite Commission under National Labour Exchange (National Commission), and Board of Experts under the Lithuanian Labour Market Training Authority.
Ministry of Social Security and Labour within its competency implements the state policy in the field of occupational safety and health (together with the Ministry of Health), following provisions of Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania, laws, Governmental resolutions and other standard acts. The Ministry of Social Security and Labour (on its own or together with other Ministries) approves of relevant standard acts on occupational safety and health, establishes the procedure of their enforcement and application, represents interests of the Republic of Lithuania in the field of occupational safety and health in other countries and international organisations.
State Labour Inspectorate under Ministry of Social Security and Labour controls compliance with requirements of standard acts on occupational safety and health, other labour relations legislation in enterprises. It also provides consultations to employees, trade unions, employers, safety services at enterprises on issues of safety, occupational hygiene, and compliance with labour laws, also collective agreements and contracts, as well as labour disputes.
The State Labour Inspectorate investigates accidents at work, occupational diseases, applications and requests of employees, participates in investigation of industrial accidents, attestation of employees on issues of occupational safety and health. It also controls the compliance with procedure and terms of inspection of technical status of potentially dangerous equipment as well as performance of permanent supervision, organises drafting of standard acts on supervision of equipment, performs the functions of the institution responsible for maintenance of state register of potentially dangerous equipment. In addition, it also approves OSH rules and standard instructions and provides consultations to employers, employees on issues of application of labour laws and prevention of accidents at work and occupational diseases.
Occupational Health Centre at the Institute of Hygiene carries out scientific research, upgrading and requalification of occupational health specialists, expert research of environmental impact upon human health and compiles relevant information, develops criteria for diagnosing of occupational diseases, manages state register of occupational diseases.
The Central Commission of Occupational Medicine Experts solves the contentious issues related to occupational disease diagnosis and is responsible and accountable to the Ministry of Health. The main tasks of the Commission are to confirm or refute the diagnosis of occupational disease and to examine the validity of the occupational disease diagnosis.
The non-jurisdiction areas of the Commission:
• cases which are not listed in the list of occupational diseases;
• cases of several of the same system diseases;
• cases dominated by non-occupational origin of disease;
• not carried out or not fully carried out cases within the existing order of the occupational disease investigation and accounting regulation.
The Commission is composed of the Ministry of Health officials, employers’ and workers’ organisation bodies, public and other institutions representatives. The work of the Commission is based on a collegial discussions, democracy, legitimacy as well as members’ of the Commission personal amenability. All the information about the applicant is kept confidential and may be disclosed to others only by laws of the Republic of Lithuania.
Radiation Protection Centre in the field of radiation protection coordinates actions of public administration and municipal as well as other institutions, performs state supervision and control of radiation safety, carries out assessment and expertise of public exposure.
State Nuclear Power Safety Inspectorate controls and supervises the ensurance of safe use of nuclear and radioactive substances as well as nuclear power.
State Energy Inspectorate under the Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Lithuania performs supervision and control of all energy equipment of legal and natural entities in order to secure reliable, effective and safe supply and use of energy resources and energy.
Territorial Planning and Construction Inspectorate under the Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Lithuania controls compliance with requirements for development of documents on territorial planning, compiles, systemises and analyses activity results of services supervising construction, investigates construction accidents and catastrophes, performs qualification assessment procedures of construction and consultancy companies.
State Non Food Products Inspectorate under the Ministry of Economy of the Republic of Lithuania controls if non food products, also services provided for the consumers in the domestic market are in compliance with obligatory requirements on safety and labelling established in standard acts.
State Food and Veterinary Service inspects if food for domestic market and for export is safe, properly labelled, not contravening interests of consumers and is in compliance with requirements of the Law on Food and other standard acts.
State Road Transport Inspectorate under the Ministry of Transport and Communications of the Republic of Lithuania performs state regulation, supervision and control of activities of road transport entrepreneurs and carriers.
Lithuanian Standards Board develops and improves national standards, establishes technical committees for development of Lithuanian standards and coordinates drafting thereof, establishes the procedure of adoption of international, European and standards of foreign countries as Lithuanian standards, adopts, publishes and disseminates Lithuanian standards, which are applied voluntary, strives at non-violating of copyright of international and European standards, provides information on standards, technical regulations, standard acts on conformity assessment procedures in force in Lithuania for Lithuanian institutions and economic entities.
Safety and health system management at enterprise, institution and organisation level
Occupational safety and health services at enterprises carry out prevention of industrial injuries and occupational diseases, supervision and control of safety and health at work, provide consultations to employees on issues of occupational safety and health following provisions of Regulation On Enterprise Occupational Safety and Health Services.
Occupational safety and health committees at enterprises analyse and evaluate activities of employer, units of the enterprise, services in the field of occupational safety and health, develop measures to improve safety and health at work, proposals to collective agreements, analyse causes and circumstances of accidents at work and occupational diseases, following the provisions of General regulations on occupational safety and health committees in enterprises.
Organisations of social partners
Trade unions and their organisations. Lithuanian laws provide for only one legitimate form of organised workers’ representation – trade unions. Several organisations of trade unions function on the national level in Lithuania:
Lithuanian Labour Federation (http://www.ldf.lt/) – was functioning from 1919 till 1941. Its activities were re-established in 1991. Lithuanian Labour Federation in 1995 merged with Lithuanian Association of Trade Unions, and in 1997 joined the Lithuanian Federation of Regional Trade Unions. Currently the Labour Federation unites 10 branch trade unions, functioning on different production, industry and regional levels and has more than 20 thousand members. Since 1996, the Lithuanian Labour Federation is a full-pledged member of the World Labour Confederation;
Lithuanian Trade Union ‘Solidarumas’ – an organization that joins industrial trade union federations and city / district area trade unions. Its aims and objectives are the representation of its members, their trade, economic and social rights and interests, honor and dignity, fostering democracy, equal partnership, solidarity, peer relationship building, efforts to harmonize the interests of social partners and workers;
Lithuanian Trade Union Confederation (http://www.lpsk.lt/) – is the largest trade union centre in Lithuania and currently unites 26 branch organisations. It is established in 2002 by merging two trade union centres – the Lithuanian Trade Union Unification (LPSS) and the Lithuanian Trade Union Centre (LPSC). Lithuanian Trade Union Confederation is a non-governmental organisation, independent from the state government and public authorities, employers and their organisations.
Two large confederations of employers are functioning on the national level:
- Lithuanian Confederation of Industrialists
- Lithuanian Business Employers‘ Confederation
These confederations unite smaller branch and regional associations and separate enterprises.